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utf8.c

/* ************************************************************************ */
/*                                                                                                                */
/*  Neko Standard Library                                                                             */
/*  Copyright (c)2005 Motion-Twin                                                               */
/*                                                                                                                */
/* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or              */
/* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public                       */
/* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either                     */
/* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.         */
/*                                                                                                                */
/* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,                  */
/* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of             */
/* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU          */
/* Lesser General Public License or the LICENSE file for more details.        */
/*                                                                                                                */
/* ************************************************************************ */
#include <neko.h>
#include <string.h>


/**
      <doc>
      <h1>UTF8</h1>
      <p>
      Operations on UTF8 strings. 
      Most of the operations are optimized for speed so they might still 
      succeed on some malformed UTF8 string. The only function that completely
      check the UTF8 format is [utf8_validate]. Other functions might raise
      some exception or not depending on the malformed data.
      </p>
      </doc>
**/


00035 typedef struct {
      value buf;
      int pos;
      int nesc;
} ubuf;

DEFINE_KIND(k_ubuf);

/**
      utf8_buf_alloc : size:int -> 'ubuf
      <doc>Create a new buffer with an initial size in bytes</doc>
**/
static value utf8_buf_alloc( value size ) {
      ubuf *b;
      val_check(size,int);
      if( val_int(size) < 0 )
            neko_error();
      b = (ubuf*)alloc(sizeof(ubuf));
      b->buf = alloc_empty_string(val_int(size));
      b->nesc = 0;
      b->pos = 0;
      return alloc_abstract(k_ubuf,b);
}

static void utf8_buf_resize( ubuf *b ) {
      value s;
      int len = val_strlen(b->buf);
      // allocate a number of bytes depending on previously
      // escaped caracters, with a minimum of 10
      int nbytes = (b->nesc + b->pos * 2 - 1) / (b->pos?b->pos:1);
      if( nbytes < 10 )
            nbytes = 10;
      s = alloc_empty_string(len+nbytes);
      memcpy(val_string(s),val_string(b->buf),len);
      b->buf = s; 
}


/**
      utf8_buf_add : 'buf -> int -> void
      <doc>Add a valid UTF8 char (0 - 0x10FFFF) to the buffer</doc>
**/
static value utf8_buf_add( value buf, value uchar ) {
      ubuf *b;
      unsigned char *s;
      unsigned int c;
      val_check_kind(buf,k_ubuf);
      val_check(uchar,int);
      b = (ubuf*)val_data(buf);
      c = (unsigned)val_int(uchar);
      if( c <= 0x7F ) {
            if( b->pos >= val_strlen(b->buf) )
                  utf8_buf_resize(b);
            val_string(b->buf)[b->pos++] = (char)c;
            return val_true;
      }     
      if( b->pos + 4 > val_strlen(b->buf) )
            utf8_buf_resize(b);
      s = (unsigned char*)val_string(b->buf);
      if( c <= 0x7FF ) {
            b->nesc += 1;
            s[b->pos++] = 0xC0 | (c >> 6);
            s[b->pos++] = 0x80 | (c & 63);
      } else if( c <= 0xFFFF ) {
            b->nesc += 2;
            s[b->pos++] = 0xE0 | (c >> 12);
            s[b->pos++] = 0x80 | ((c >> 6) & 63);
            s[b->pos++] = 0x80 | (c & 63);
      } else if( c <= 0x10FFFF ) {
            b->nesc += 3;
            s[b->pos++] = 0xF0 | (c >> 18);
            s[b->pos++] = 0x80 | ((c >> 12) & 63);
            s[b->pos++] = 0x80 | ((c >> 6) & 63);
            s[b->pos++] = 0x80 | (c & 63);
      } else
            neko_error();
      return val_true;
}

/**
      utf8_buf_content : 'buf -> string
      <doc>
      Return the current content of the buffer.
      This is not a copy of the buffer but the shared content.
      Retreiving content and then continuing to add chars is 
      possible but not very efficient.
      </doc>
**/
static value utf8_buf_content( value buf ) {
      ubuf *b;
      val_check_kind(buf,k_ubuf);
      b = (ubuf*)val_data(buf);
      val_set_length(b->buf,b->pos);
      return b->buf;
}

/**
      utf8_buf_length : 'buf -> int
      <doc>Return the number of UTF8 chars stored in the buffer</doc>
**/
static value utf8_buf_length( value buf ) {
      ubuf *b;
      val_check_kind(buf,k_ubuf);
      b = (ubuf*)val_data(buf);
      return alloc_int(b->pos - b->nesc);
}

/**
      utf8_buf_size : 'buf -> int
      <doc>Return the current size in bytes of the buffer</doc>
**/
static value utf8_buf_size( value buf ) {
      ubuf *b;
      val_check_kind(buf,k_ubuf);
      b = (ubuf*)val_data(buf);
      return alloc_int(b->pos);
}

/**
      utf8_validate : string -> bool
      <doc>Validate if a string is encoded using the UTF8 format</doc>
**/
static value utf8_validate( value str ) {
      int l;
      unsigned char *s;
      val_check(str,string);
      l = val_strlen(str);
      s = (unsigned char*)val_string(str);
      while( l-- ) {
            unsigned char c = *s++;
            if( c < 0x7F )
                  continue;
            else if( c < 0xC0 )
                  return val_false;
            else if( c < 0xE0 ) {
                  if( (*s++ & 0x80) != 0x80 )
                        return val_false;
                  l--;
            } else if( c < 0xF0 ) {
                  if( (*s++ & 0x80) != 0x80 )
                        return val_false;
                  if( (*s++ & 0x80) != 0x80 )
                        return val_false;
                  l-=2;
            } else {
                  if( (*s++ & 0x80) != 0x80 )
                        return val_false;
                  if( (*s++ & 0x80) != 0x80 )
                        return val_false;
                  if( (*s++ & 0x80) != 0x80 )
                        return val_false;
                  l-=3;
            }
      }
      return val_true;
}

/**
      utf8_length : string -> int
      <doc>Returns the number of UTF8 chars in the string.</doc>
**/
static value utf8_length( value str ) {
      int l;
      int count = 0;
      unsigned char *s;
      val_check(str,string);
      l = val_strlen(str);
      s = (unsigned char*)val_string(str);
      while( l > 0 ) {
            unsigned char c = *s;
            count++;
            if( c < 0x7F ) {
                  l--;
                  s++;
            } else if( c < 0xC0 )
                  neko_error();
            else if( c < 0xE0 ) {
                  l-=2;
                  s+=2;
            } else if( c < 0xF0 ) {
                  l-=3;
                  s+=3;
            } else {
                  l-=4;
                  s+=4;
            }
      }
      if( l < 0 )
            neko_error();
      return alloc_int(count);
}

/**
      utf8_sub : string -> pos:int -> len:int -> string
      <doc>Returns a part of an UTF8 string.</doc>
**/
static value utf8_sub( value str, value pos, value len ) {
      int l;
      int count;
      unsigned char *s, *save;
      val_check(str,string);
      val_check(pos,int);
      val_check(len,int);
      l = val_strlen(str);
      count = val_int(pos);
      if( count < 0 )
            neko_error();
      s = (unsigned char*)val_string(str);
      while( count-- && l > 0 ) {
            unsigned char c = *s;
            if( c < 0x7F ) {
                  l--;
                  s++;
            } else if( c < 0xC0 )
                  neko_error();
            else if( c < 0xE0 ) {
                  l-=2;
                  s+=2;
            } else if( c < 0xF0 ) {
                  l-=3;
                  s+=3;
            } else {
                  l-=4;
                  s+=4;
            }
      }
      if( l < 0 )
            neko_error();
      save = s;
      count = val_int(len);
      if( count < 0 )
            neko_error();
      while( count-- && l > 0 ) {
            unsigned char c = *s;
            if( c < 0x7F ) {
                  l--;
                  s++;
            } else if( c < 0xC0 )
                  neko_error();
            else if( c < 0xE0 ) {
                  l-=2;
                  s+=2;
            } else if( c < 0xF0 ) {
                  l-=3;
                  s+=3;
            } else {
                  l-=4;
                  s+=4;
            }
      }
      if( l < 0 )
            neko_error();
      l = (int)(s - save);
      str = alloc_empty_string(l);
      memcpy(val_string(str),save,l);
      return str;
}

/**
      utf8_get : string -> n:int -> int
      <doc>Returns the [n]th char in an UTF8 string. 
      This might be inefficient if [n] is big.</doc>
**/
static value utf8_get( value str, value pos ) {
      int l;
      int p;
      unsigned char *s;
      val_check(pos,int);
      val_check(str,string);
      l = val_strlen(str);
      p = val_int(pos);
      if( p < 0 )
            neko_error();
      s = (unsigned char*)val_string(str);
      while( l-- ) {
            unsigned char c = *s++;
            if( c < 0x7F ) {
                  if( p-- == 0 )
                        return alloc_int(c);
            } else if( c < 0xC0 )
                  neko_error();
            else if( c < 0xE0 ) {
                  l--;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  if( p-- == 0 )
                        return alloc_int(((c & 0x3F) << 6) | ((*s) & 0x7F));
                  s++;
            } else if( c < 0xF0 ) {
                  l -= 2;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  if( p-- == 0 )
                        return alloc_int(((c & 0x1F) << 12) | (((*s) & 0x7F) << 6) | (s[1] & 0x7F));
                  s += 2;
            } else {
                  l -= 3;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  if( p-- == 0 )
                        return alloc_int(((c & 0x0F) << 18) | (((*s) & 0x7F) << 12) | ((s[1] << 6) & 0x7F) | (s[2] & 0x7F));
                  s += 3;
            }
      }
      neko_error();
      return val_true;
}

/**
      utf8_iter : string -> f:(int -> void) -> void
      <doc>Call [f] with each of UTF8 char of the string.</doc>
**/
static value utf8_iter( value str, value f ) {
      int l;
      unsigned char *s;
      val_check(str,string);
      val_check_function(f,1);
      l = val_strlen(str);
      s = (unsigned char*)val_string(str);
      while( l-- ) {
            unsigned char c = *s++;
            if( c < 0x7F )
                  val_call1(f,alloc_int(c));
            else if( c < 0xC0 )
                  neko_error();
            else if( c < 0xE0 ) {
                  l--;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  val_call1(f,alloc_int(((c & 0x3F) << 6) | ((*s) & 0x7F)));
                  s++;
            } else if( c < 0xF0 ) {
                  l -= 2;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  val_call1(f,alloc_int(((c & 0x1F) << 12) | (((*s) & 0x7F) << 6) | (s[1] & 0x7F)));
                  s += 2;
            } else {
                  l -= 3;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  val_call1(f,alloc_int(((c & 0x0F) << 18) | (((*s) & 0x7F) << 12) | ((s[1] << 6) & 0x7F) | (s[2] & 0x7F)));
                  s += 3;
            }
      }
      return val_true;
}

/**
      utf8_compare : s1:string -> s2:string -> int
      <doc>Compare two UTF8 strings according to UTF8 char codes.</doc>
**/
static value utf8_compare( value str1, value str2 ) {
      int l1, l2, l;
      unsigned char *s1, *s2;
      val_check(str1,string);
      val_check(str2,string);
      l1 = val_strlen(str1);
      l2 = val_strlen(str2);
      s1 = (unsigned char*)val_string(str1);
      s2 = (unsigned char*)val_string(str2);
      l = (l1 < l2)?l1:l2;
      while( l-- ) {
            unsigned char c1 = *s1++;
            unsigned char c2 = *s1++;
            if( c1 != c2 )
                  return alloc_int((c1 > c2)?-1:1);
            if( c1 < 0x7F )
                  continue;
            else if( c1 < 0xC0 )
                  neko_error();
            else if( c1 < 0xE0 ) {
                  l--;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  if( *s1++ != *s2++ )
                        return alloc_int((s1[-1] > s2[-1])?-1:1);
            } else if( c1 < 0xF0 ) {
                  l-=2;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  if( *s1++ != *s2++ )
                        return alloc_int((s1[-1] > s2[-1])?-1:1);
                  if( *s1++ != *s2++ )
                        return alloc_int((s1[-1] > s2[-1])?-1:1);
            } else {
                  l -= 3;
                  if( l < 0 )
                        neko_error();
                  if( *s1++ != *s2++ )
                        return alloc_int((s1[-1] > s2[-1])?-1:1);
                  if( *s1++ != *s2++ )
                        return alloc_int((s1[-1] > s2[-1])?-1:1);
                  if( *s1++ != *s2++ )
                        return alloc_int((s1[-1] > s2[-1])?-1:1);
            }
      }
      if( l1 != l2 )
            return alloc_int((l1 > l2)?1:-1);
      return alloc_int(0);
}

DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_buf_alloc,1);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_buf_add,2);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_buf_content,1);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_buf_length,1);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_buf_size,1);

DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_get,2);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_validate,1);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_iter,2);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_length,1);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_compare,2);
DEFINE_PRIM(utf8_sub,3);

/* ************************************************************************ */

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