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md5.c

/* ************************************************************************ */
/*                                                                                                                */
/*  Neko Standard Library                                                                             */
/*  Copyright (c)2005 Motion-Twin                                                               */
/*                                                                                                                */
/* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or              */
/* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public                       */
/* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either                     */
/* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.         */
/*                                                                                                                */
/* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,                  */
/* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of             */
/* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU          */
/* Lesser General Public License or the LICENSE file for more details.        */
/*                                                                                                                */
/* ************************************************************************ */
#include <neko.h>
#include <string.h>

/**
      <doc>
      <h1>MD5</h1>
      <p>
      MD5 digest functions
      </p>
      </doc>
**/

#ifndef uint8
#define uint8  unsigned char
#endif

#ifndef uint32
#define uint32 unsigned long int
#endif

typedef struct {
    uint32 total[2];
    uint32 state[4];
    uint8 buffer[64];
} md5_context;

#define GET_UINT32(n,b,i)                       \
{                                               \
    (n) = ( (uint32) (b)[(i)    ]       )       \
        | ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 1] <<  8 )       \
        | ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 2] << 16 )       \
        | ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 3] << 24 );      \
}

#define PUT_UINT32(n,b,i)                       \
{                                               \
    (b)[(i)    ] = (uint8) ( (n)       );       \
    (b)[(i) + 1] = (uint8) ( (n) >>  8 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 2] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 16 );       \
    (b)[(i) + 3] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 24 );       \
}

static void md5_starts( md5_context *ctx ) {
    ctx->total[0] = 0;
    ctx->total[1] = 0;
    ctx->state[0] = 0x67452301;
    ctx->state[1] = 0xEFCDAB89;
    ctx->state[2] = 0x98BADCFE;
    ctx->state[3] = 0x10325476;
}

static void md5_process( md5_context *ctx, uint8 data[64] ) {
    uint32 X[16], A, B, C, D;
    GET_UINT32( X[0],  data,  0 );
    GET_UINT32( X[1],  data,  4 );
    GET_UINT32( X[2],  data,  8 );
    GET_UINT32( X[3],  data, 12 );
    GET_UINT32( X[4],  data, 16 );
    GET_UINT32( X[5],  data, 20 );
    GET_UINT32( X[6],  data, 24 );
    GET_UINT32( X[7],  data, 28 );
    GET_UINT32( X[8],  data, 32 );
    GET_UINT32( X[9],  data, 36 );
    GET_UINT32( X[10], data, 40 );
    GET_UINT32( X[11], data, 44 );
    GET_UINT32( X[12], data, 48 );
    GET_UINT32( X[13], data, 52 );
    GET_UINT32( X[14], data, 56 );
    GET_UINT32( X[15], data, 60 );

#define S(x,n) ((x << n) | ((x & 0xFFFFFFFF) >> (32 - n)))

#define P(a,b,c,d,k,s,t)                                \
{                                                       \
    a += F(b,c,d) + X[k] + t; a = S(a,s) + b;           \
}

    A = ctx->state[0];
    B = ctx->state[1];
    C = ctx->state[2];
    D = ctx->state[3];

#define F(x,y,z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))

    P( A, B, C, D,  0,  7, 0xD76AA478 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  1, 12, 0xE8C7B756 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  2, 17, 0x242070DB );
    P( B, C, D, A,  3, 22, 0xC1BDCEEE );
    P( A, B, C, D,  4,  7, 0xF57C0FAF );
    P( D, A, B, C,  5, 12, 0x4787C62A );
    P( C, D, A, B,  6, 17, 0xA8304613 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  7, 22, 0xFD469501 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  8,  7, 0x698098D8 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  9, 12, 0x8B44F7AF );
    P( C, D, A, B, 10, 17, 0xFFFF5BB1 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 11, 22, 0x895CD7BE );
    P( A, B, C, D, 12,  7, 0x6B901122 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 13, 12, 0xFD987193 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 14, 17, 0xA679438E );
    P( B, C, D, A, 15, 22, 0x49B40821 );

#undef F

#define F(x,y,z) (y ^ (z & (x ^ y)))

    P( A, B, C, D,  1,  5, 0xF61E2562 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  6,  9, 0xC040B340 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 11, 14, 0x265E5A51 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  0, 20, 0xE9B6C7AA );
    P( A, B, C, D,  5,  5, 0xD62F105D );
    P( D, A, B, C, 10,  9, 0x02441453 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 15, 14, 0xD8A1E681 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  4, 20, 0xE7D3FBC8 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  9,  5, 0x21E1CDE6 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 14,  9, 0xC33707D6 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  3, 14, 0xF4D50D87 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  8, 20, 0x455A14ED );
    P( A, B, C, D, 13,  5, 0xA9E3E905 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  2,  9, 0xFCEFA3F8 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  7, 14, 0x676F02D9 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 12, 20, 0x8D2A4C8A );

#undef F
    
#define F(x,y,z) (x ^ y ^ z)

    P( A, B, C, D,  5,  4, 0xFFFA3942 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  8, 11, 0x8771F681 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 11, 16, 0x6D9D6122 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 14, 23, 0xFDE5380C );
    P( A, B, C, D,  1,  4, 0xA4BEEA44 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  4, 11, 0x4BDECFA9 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  7, 16, 0xF6BB4B60 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 10, 23, 0xBEBFBC70 );
    P( A, B, C, D, 13,  4, 0x289B7EC6 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  0, 11, 0xEAA127FA );
    P( C, D, A, B,  3, 16, 0xD4EF3085 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  6, 23, 0x04881D05 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  9,  4, 0xD9D4D039 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 12, 11, 0xE6DB99E5 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 15, 16, 0x1FA27CF8 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  2, 23, 0xC4AC5665 );

#undef F

#define F(x,y,z) (y ^ (x | ~z))

    P( A, B, C, D,  0,  6, 0xF4292244 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  7, 10, 0x432AFF97 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 14, 15, 0xAB9423A7 );
    P( B, C, D, A,  5, 21, 0xFC93A039 );
    P( A, B, C, D, 12,  6, 0x655B59C3 );
    P( D, A, B, C,  3, 10, 0x8F0CCC92 );
    P( C, D, A, B, 10, 15, 0xFFEFF47D );
    P( B, C, D, A,  1, 21, 0x85845DD1 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  8,  6, 0x6FA87E4F );
    P( D, A, B, C, 15, 10, 0xFE2CE6E0 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  6, 15, 0xA3014314 );
    P( B, C, D, A, 13, 21, 0x4E0811A1 );
    P( A, B, C, D,  4,  6, 0xF7537E82 );
    P( D, A, B, C, 11, 10, 0xBD3AF235 );
    P( C, D, A, B,  2, 15, 0x2AD7D2BB );
    P( B, C, D, A,  9, 21, 0xEB86D391 );

#undef F

    ctx->state[0] += A;
    ctx->state[1] += B;
    ctx->state[2] += C;
    ctx->state[3] += D;
}

static void md5_update( md5_context *ctx, uint8 *input, uint32 length ) {
    uint32 left, fill;
    if( !length )
            return;
    left = ctx->total[0] & 0x3F;
    fill = 64 - left;

    ctx->total[0] += length;
    ctx->total[0] &= 0xFFFFFFFF;

    if( ctx->total[0] < length )
        ctx->total[1]++;

    if( left && length >= fill ) {
        memcpy( (void *) (ctx->buffer + left),
                (void *) input, fill );
        md5_process( ctx, ctx->buffer );
        length -= fill;
        input  += fill;
        left = 0;
    }

    while( length >= 64 ) {
        md5_process( ctx, input );
        length -= 64;
        input  += 64;
    }

    if( length ) {
        memcpy( (void *) (ctx->buffer + left),
                (void *) input, length );
    }
}

static uint8 md5_padding[64] =
{
 0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};

static void md5_finish( md5_context *ctx, uint8 digest[16] ) {
    uint32 last, padn;
    uint32 high, low;
    uint8 msglen[8];

    high = ( ctx->total[0] >> 29 )
         | ( ctx->total[1] <<  3 );
    low  = ( ctx->total[0] <<  3 );

    PUT_UINT32( low,  msglen, 0 );
    PUT_UINT32( high, msglen, 4 );

    last = ctx->total[0] & 0x3F;
    padn = ( last < 56 ) ? ( 56 - last ) : ( 120 - last );

    md5_update( ctx, md5_padding, padn );
    md5_update( ctx, msglen, 8 );

    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[0], digest,  0 );
    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[1], digest,  4 );
    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[2], digest,  8 );
    PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[3], digest, 12 );
}

static void md5_uint( md5_context *m, uint32 i ) {
      md5_update(m,(unsigned char*)&i,4);
}

typedef struct stack {
      uint32 pos;
      value v;
      md5_context *m;
      struct stack *next;
} stack;

// build some integers that are not neko ones (last bit at 0)
// this reduce the possible collisions.
// bit 0 = 0
// bit 1-2 = 
//          00 : const (null, true, false, abstract)
//          01 : ref
//      10 : fun
//          11 : array
//
// md5-similar objects can still be forged, in particular 
// due to the fact that no special flag is added to the string
// digest in order to keep compatibility with standard md5
// implementation. 
//
// For example md5(null) == md5("\000\000\000\000")

static void make_md5_fields( value v, field f, void * );

static void make_md5_rec( md5_context *m, value v, stack *cur ) {
      switch( val_type(v) ) {
      case VAL_NULL:
            md5_uint(m,0);
            break;
      case VAL_INT:
            md5_uint(m,(uint32)(int_val)v);
            break;
      case VAL_BOOL:
            md5_uint(m,val_bool(v)?8:16);
            break;
      case VAL_FLOAT:
            {
                  tfloat f = val_float(v);
                  md5_update(m,(unsigned char *)&f,sizeof(tfloat));
            }
            break;
      case VAL_STRING:
            md5_update(m,(uint8*)val_string(v),(uint32)val_strlen(v));
            break;
      case VAL_OBJECT:
      case VAL_ARRAY:
            {
                  stack loc;
                  stack *s = cur;
                  while( s != NULL ) {
                        if( s->v == v ) {
                              md5_uint(m,(s->pos << 3) | 2);
                              return;
                        }
                        s = s->next;
                  }
                  loc.v = v;
                  loc.pos = cur?(cur->pos+1):0;
                  loc.next = cur;
                  loc.m = m;
                  if( val_is_object(v) ) {
                        val_iter_fields(v,make_md5_fields,&loc);
                        v = (value)((vobject*)v)->proto;
                        if( v != NULL )
                              make_md5_rec(m,v,&loc);
                  } else {
                        int len = val_array_size(v);
                        md5_uint(m,(len << 3) | 6);
                        while( len-- > 0 )
                              make_md5_rec(m,val_array_ptr(v)[len],&loc);
                  }
            }
            break;
      case VAL_FUNCTION:
            md5_uint(m,(val_fun_nargs(v) << 3) | 4);
            break;
      case VAL_ABSTRACT:
            md5_uint(m,24);
            break;
      }
}

static void make_md5_fields( value v, field f, void *c ) {
      stack *s = (stack*)c;
      md5_uint(s->m,f);
      make_md5_rec(s->m,v,s);
}

/**
      make_md5 : any -> string
      <doc>Build a MD5 digest (16 bytes binary string) from any value.</doc>
**/
static value make_md5( value v ) {
      value out = alloc_empty_string(16);
      md5_context m;
      md5_starts(&m);
      make_md5_rec(&m,v,NULL);
      md5_finish(&m,(uint8 *)val_string(out));
      return out;
}

DEFINE_PRIM(make_md5,1);

/* ************************************************************************ */

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